Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs

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  • Alder

    Alder / Common Alder Seed

    Alnus glutinosa

    Alder is a small bushy deciduous tree that produces pretty yellow catkins in spring, visited by early insects. Its shiny green leaves are retained late into the autumn. It has an attractive smooth dark grey bark. The cones are green to begin with but ripen to black and make subtle additions to Christmas decorations. A brilliant tree for water logged areas and very hardy so can be used as a windbreak, especially if coppiced. The timber is used in wet areas, for fencing etc. since it doesn’t rot. It can be used to make high grade charcoal.

  • Alder Buckthorn

    Alder Buckthorn Seed

    Frangula alnus(Rhamnus frangula)

    Alder Buckthorn is a large, native, thornless, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate green leaves that turn an attractive yellow in autumn. Tiny green/cream flowers in June attract masses of bumble and honeybees and are honey scented. It is a food plant of the yellow Brimstone butterfly. The fruits are initially red, then turn black and are eaten by thrushes. Various bits are used to make natural dyes.

  • Eucalyptus deleg.

    Alpine Ash/White Top Seed

    Eucalyptus delegatensis

    Alpine Ash is a very tall straight evergreen, used as a timber tree, but also decorative. It is of moderately quick growth. Juvenile leaves are round and pinkish bronze, mature leaves are narrow, grey blue and elongated. Unlike other Eucalypts, it does not respond to coppicing. Bark on older trees peels off in long shreds, exposing copper and brown stripes, but is smooth higher up the trunk. Frothy white flowers in summer are very attractive to bees and are produced in abundance.

  • Alpine Currant Seed

    Ribes alpinum

    Alpine Currant is a small neat and densely twiggy deciduous shrub which makes a good hedge. Its small flowers are greenish yellow and its berries are red. It is very tolerant of shade. Despite being easy to grow, it is found infrequently.

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    Alpine Yellow Gum Seed

    Eucalyptus subcrenulata

    Tasmanium Alpine  Yellow Gum is a medium to large, hardy, evergreen tree. Grown as single or multi-stem. Crimson new shoots, red edged juvenile foliage and fresh green leaves. Grey bark with yellow and blue patches.

    Leaves have a spicey scent.

  • American Dwarf Rose Seed

    Rosa virginiana

    American Dwarf Rose is a small, suckering shrub ideal for hedging. Small cerise pink, single, lightly scented flowers bloom in July and August. Vibrant yellow autumn colour and red, pumpkin-shaped hips hold into the winter.

  • American Redbud

    American Redbud Seed

    Cercis canadensis

    American Redbud is a small deciduous tree with a compact round head. The pale rose coloured flowers are pea-like, flowering in early spring before the leaves. Good for early insects. Heart shaped leaves turn vibrant oranges and yellows in the autumn and flat seed pods develop in the autumn. Great for small gardens.

  • Amur Cork

    Amur Cork Tree Seed

    Phellodendron amurense

    The Amur Cork Tree is a small to medium sized tree with a corky bark. The leaves are 24 to 38 cm long and made up of 5 to 11 leaflets, a bit like ash leaves. The winter buds are silvery and silky, autumn colour is yellow. It is important in Chinese herbal medicine where it is used as a painkiller. Male and female flowers are found on different trees

  • Amur Maple

    Amur Maple Seed

    Acer ginnala

    Amur Maple is a deciduous shrub or small tree with a vigorous spreading growth habit. The 3 lobed leaves turn vivid crimson and orange in autumn. It produces fragrant green-white flowers in late spring. It produces masses of seed and in America is becoming invasive, but here in UK is one of the best for autumn tints.

  • Archers Gum / Alpine Cider Gum

    Eucalyptus archeri

    Eucalyptus archeri is a wide spreading and many branched small tree not unlike E. gunnii. Small rounded blue green leaves used in flower arranging. It is frost tolerant and makes an excellent ornamental tree for smaller gardens.

  • Aspen Seed

    Populus tremula

    Aspen is graceful, pale grey-barked, deciduous native tree with leaves that flutter in the breeze making a noise like rain. It is useful for damp and exposed sites and a good, quick growing pioneer species for inhospitable habitats. Vibrant yellow autumn colour and copper new spring leaves. The male and female catkins occur on different trees; the female catkins, once pollinated release seed in masses of cotton wool in the summer. ‘Aspis’ means ‘shield’ in Greek, and this was one of the uses for the wood.


  • Acacia melanoxylon

    Australian / Tasmanian Blackwood Seed

    Acacia melanoxylon

    Australian Blackwood is also know as Sally Wattle. A fast growing evergreen, it has dark green pinnate leaves and in spring bears clusters of small milky white flowers. It is best suited to mild  temperate climates and is not particularly frost hardy below minus 5 degrees centigrade. It produces a fine grained, hard wood. Grow in a sheltered spot backed by a wall. In warmer climates can be quite invasive.

    Pic courtesy of Kurt StuberCC BY SA 3.0

  • Autumn Olive Seed

    Elaeagnus umbellata

    A deciduous shrub or small tree with a dense thorny crown. The leaves are silvery in spring but turn greener as the silvery scales wear off during the summer. The flowers in May are pale yellow/cream and highly scented, silver-dotted red fruits fruits.

  • Barberry

    Barberry Seed

    Berberis darwinii

    Berberis darwinii, Barberry, is an early flowering, fast growing evergreen with holly like leaves. Its flowers are bright orange tinted with red which appear in long lasting drooping clusters in spring. Useful for hedging, when it will make an impenetrable barrier, but can take any amount of pruning. It flowers better in full sun but will grow in semi-shade. Classed as an invasive species in New Zealand.


  • Beech / Common Green Beech Seed

    Fagus sylvatica

    Beech is a versatile, majestic tree with a smooth silver grey bark. New spring leaves are a superb lime green and in autumn they turn a rich copper gold colour. It makes an excellent specimen tree or an outstanding hedge, especially since the old, crisp brown leaves stay on the hedge until the spring. Pollution tolerant, it will cope with exposed and cold sites but will not grow in coastal areas.

  • Berberis wilsoniae Seed

    Berberis wilsoniae

    Berberis wilsonae, Barberry is a splendid small semi-evergreen shrub with sea green leaves and coral coloured clustered fruits after yellow flowers in May. This species has no cultivars and is mostly grown from seed. Good for low prickly hedging.

  • Bird Cherry Seed

    Prunus padus

    Bird Cherry is a small, widely distributed deciduous tree. It bears an abundance of small white, almond-scented single flowers, in short spikes in late spring. Its small black fruits are edible but very bitter. Bees and hoverflies visit the flowers and birds gorge on the berries in the late summer.


    Black Birch Seed

    Betula lenta

    Black Birch is also known as Cherry Birch because of the similarity to cherry in foliage and Sweet Birch because the sap smells and  contains Oil of Wintergreen. Fantastic yellow autumn leaf colour and dark shiny bark, becoming plated and ridged on maturity.

    This tree is rarely grown, although it is quite fast  and makes a very attractive multi-stem specimen for a smallish garden.



  • Black Mulberry Seed

    Morus nigra

    Black Mulberry is a small, deciduous, wide-spreading long lived tree becoming interestingly gnarled as it ages(don’t we all!). The leaves are heart shaped and the berries produced are almost black and very sweet. Possibly the tree in the nursery rhyme ‘Here We Go Round the  Mulberry Bush’.  Fruit is used to make wine and jam if you can keep the birds and wasps away! Folklore has it that King James mistakenly imported Black Mulberry trees at vast expense, to start English silk production.  He should have bought White Mulberry, so the project sadly failed!


  • Juglans nigra

    Black Walnut Seed

    Juglans nigra

    Juglans nigra is a  large fast growing tree with a deeply furrowed bark and large leaves. It is architectural and a great specimen tree.The fruits are usually in pairs and are large and round.The flesh round the nut  stains fingers yellow and smells pleasently of citrus. Black Walnut is prized timber for cabinet making and wood turning, since it works easily and has a good grain, glues and polishes well and is highly durable.

  • Prunus serotina

    Black/Rum Cherry Seed

    Prunus serotina

    A medium sized tree with simple serrated, glossy, deciduous leaves up to 15cm long. About 40 white flowers are produced on each raceme in the spring. These give rise to fruit which turns from green to red and then black. Mature Black cherry is easily recognised by its dark grey or black bark that can easily be broken off, and the almond smell coming from young twigs if the bark has been scraped off. Good for birds which eat the fruit, although both the stones and foliage(especially when wilted) is poisonous to livestock.

  • Blackberry / Bramble Seed

    Rubus fructicosus / fructicosa

    Blackberries are a common deciduous spreading shrub with an extremely vigorous growth habit. Flowers are simple, white or whitish pink and bloom on and off from late spring through to late summer. The flowers are very attractive to all sorts of insects. In the autumn very tasty blackberries are produced and its scrambling thorny spikes provide excellent protection both for wildlife and property. Bees visit the flowers and butterflies, wasps and flies feed on the flowers and fruit.

  • Blackthorn / Sloe Seed

    Prunus spinosa

    Blackthorn or Sloe grow to be large deciduous shrubs or small bushy trees. Blackthorn ignites in spring with a mass of small single white flowers. It forms a secure hedging plant with its sharp spines and dense growth. The fruit, like small damsons, appear in autumn and are used for making Sloe Gin.

  • Bladder Senna

    Bladder Senna Seed

    Colutea arborescens

    Bladder Senna is a vigorous deciduous shrub with pretty yellow pea-like summer flowers and pale, small leaves/leaflets. The fruit is striking red bladder-like papery pods which persist well into winter when the leaves have gone. It is a very adaptable and fertile plant often seen on challenging sites such as railway embankments. Thrives in full sun  and poor soil.