Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs

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  • Alder / Common Alder

    Alnus glutinosa

    A small bushy tree that produces pretty yellow catkins in spring. Its shiny green leaves are retained late into the autumn. It has an attractive smooth dark grey bark.

  • Alder Buckthorn

    Alder Buckthorn

    Frangula alnus(Rhamnus frangula)

    Alder Buckthorn is a large, native, thornless, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate green leaves that turn an attractive yellow in autumn. Tiny green/cream flowers in June attract masses of bumble and honeybees and are honey scented. The fruits are initially red, then turn black and are eaten by thrushes. Various bits are used to make natural dyes.

  • Alpine Ash

    Alpine Ash/White Top

    Eucalyptus delegatensis

    Alpine Ash is a very tall straight evergreen, used as a timber tree, but also decorative. It is of moderately quick growth. Juvenile leaves are round and pinkish bronze, mature leaves are narrow, grey blue and elongated. Unlike other Eucalypts, it does not respond to coppicing. Bark on older trees peels off in long shreds, exposing copper and brown stripes, but is smooth higher up the trunk. Frothy white flowers in summer are very attractive to bees and are produced in abundance.

  • Alpine Currant

    Ribes alpinum

    A small neat and densely twiggy deciduous shrub which makes a good hedge. Its small flowers are greenish yellow and its berries are red. It is very tolerant of shade.

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    Alpine Yellow Gum

    Eucalyptus subcrenulata

    Medium to large, hardy, evergreen tree. Grown as single or multistem. Crimson new shoots, red edged juvenile foliage and fresh green leaves. Grey bark with yellow and blue patches.

    Leaves have a spicey scent.

  • American Dwarf Rose

    Rosa virginiana

    American Dwarf Rose is a small, suckering shrub ideal for hedging. Small cerise pink, single, lightly scented flowers bloom in July and August. Vibrant yellow autumn colour and red, pumpkin-shaped hips hold into the winter.

  • American Redbud

    Cercis canadensis

    A small deciduous tree with a compact round head. The pale rose coloured flowers are pea-like, flowering in early spring before the leaves and flat seed pods  in the autumn result. However, it can be shy of flowering in temperate maritime climates such as is found in the UK.  The heart shaped leaves turn vibrant oranges and yellows in the autumn.

  • Amur Cork Tree

    Phellodendron amurense

    A small to medium sized tree with a corky bark. The leaves are 24 to 38 cm long and made up of 5 to 11 leaflets. The winter buds are silvery and silky. Important in Chinese herbal medicine where it is used as a painkiller.

  • Amur Maple

    Amur Maple

    Acer ginnala

    A deciduous shrub or small tree with a vigorous spreading growth habit. The 3 lobed leaves turn vivid crimson and orange in autumn. It produces fragrant green-white flowers in late spring. It produces masses of seed and in America is becoming invasive, but here in UK is one of the best for autumn tints.

  • Archers Gum / Alpine Cider Gum

    Eucalyptus archeri

    A wide spreading and many branched small tree not unlike E. gunnii. Small rounded blue green leaves used in flower arranging. It is frost tolerant and makes an excellent ornamental tree for smaller gardens.

  • Aspen

    Populus tremula

    Aspen is graceful, pale grey-barked, deciduous native tree with leaves that flutter in the breeze making a noise like rain. It is useful for damp and exposed sites and a good, quick growing pioneer species for inhospitable habitats. Vibrant yellow autumn colour and copper new spring leaves. The male and female catkins occur on different trees; the female catkins, once pollinated release seed in masses of cotton wool in the summer. ‘Aspis’ means ‘shield’ in Greek, and this was one of the uses for the wood.


  • Australian / Tasmanian Blackwood

    Acacia melanoxylon

    Also know as Sally Wattle. A fast growing evergreen, it has dark green pinnate leaves and in spring bears clusters of small milky white flowers. It is best suited to mild  temperate climates and is not particularly frost hardy below minus 5 degrees centigrade. It produces a fine grained, hard wood. Grow in a sheltered spot backed by a wall. In warmer climates can be quite invasive.

    Pic courtesy of Kurt StuberCC BY SA 3.0

  • Autumn Olive

    Elaeagnus umbellata

    A deciduous shrub or small tree with a dense thorny crown. The leaves are silvery in spring but turn greener as the silvery scales wear off during the summer. The flowers in May are pale yellow/cream and scented, forming red, dotted with silver, fruits.

  • Barberry

    Berberis darwinii

    An early flowering evergreen with holly like leaves. Its flowers are bright orange tinted with red which appear in long lasting drooping clusters in spring. Good for hedging

  • Beech / Common Green Beech

    Fagus sylvatica

    A versatile majestic tree with a smooth silver grey bark and in autumn the leaves turn a rich copper gold colour. Makes an excellent specimen tree or the most outstanding of hedges. Pollution tolerant, it will cope with exposed and cold sites but will not grow in coastal areas.

  • Berberis wilsoniae

    Berberis wilsoniae

    A splendid small semi-evergreen shrub with sea green leaves and coral coloured clustered fruits after yellow flowers in May. This species has no cultivars and is mostly grown from seed. Good for low prickly hedging.

  • Bird Cherry

    Prunus padus

    A small, widely distributed deciduous tree. It bears an abundance of small white almond scented single flowers in late spring. Its small black fruits are edible but very bitter.

  • Betula lenta

    Black Birch

    Betula lenta

    Black Birch is also known as Cherry Birch because of the similarity to cherry in foliage and Sweet Birch because the sap smells and  contains Oil of Wintergreen. Fantastic yellow autumn leaf colour and dark shiny bark, becoming plated and ridged on maturity.

    This tree is rarely grown, although it is quite fast  and makes a very attractive multi-stem specimen for a smallish garden.



  • Black Mulberry

    Morus nigra

    Black Mulberrry is a small, deciduous, wide-spreading long lived tree becoming interestingly gnarled as it ages. The leaves are heart shaped and the berries produced are almost black and very sweet. Possibly the tree in the nursery rhyme ‘Here we go Round the  Mulberry Bush’.  Fruit is used to make wine and jam if you can keep the birds and wasps away!

  • Juglans nigra

    Black Walnut

    Juglans nigra

    Juglans nigra is a  large fast growing tree with a deeply furrowed bark and large leaves. It is architectural and a great specimen tree.The fruits are usually in pairs and are large and round.The flesh round the nut  stains fingers yellow and smells pleasently of citrus. Black Walnut is prized timber for cabinet making and wood turning, since it works easily and has a good grain, glues and polishes well and is highly durable.

  • Prunus serotina

    Black/Rum Cherry

    Prunus serotina

    A medium sized tree with simple serrated, glossy, deciduous leaves up to 15cm long. About 40 white flowers are produced on each raceme in the spring. These give rise to fruit which turns from green to red and then black. Mature Black cherry is easily recognised by its dark grey or black bark that can easily be broken off, and the almond smell coming from young twigs if the bark has been scraped off. Good for birds which eat the fruit, although both the stones and foliage(especially when wilted) is poisonous to livestock.

  • Blackberry / Bramble

    Rubus fructicosus / fructicosa

    A deciduous shrub with an extremely vigorous growth habit. Flowers are simple, white or whitish pink and bloom on and off from late spring through to late summer. It produces very tasty blackberries in the autumn and its scrambling thorny spikes provide excellent protection both for wildlife and property. Butterflies, wasps and flies feed on the flowers and fruit and bees visit the flowers.

  • Blackthorn / Sloe

    Prunus spinosa

    A large deciduous shrub or small bushy tree. It ignites in spring with a mass of small single white flowers. Blackthorn forms a secure hedging plant with its sharp spines. The fruits, like small damsons, appear in autumn and are used for making Sloe Gin.

  • Blackthorn / Sloe (Stratified)

    Prunus spinosa

    This is a thorny shrub or bushy tree with a profusion of white spring flowers. The small black fruits are much prized for Sloe Gin.