Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs

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  • Tulip Tree

    Liriodendron tulipifera

    Tulip Tree is a fast growing beautiful large deciduous tree.Leaves are shaped like cartoon tulips and turn yellow in autumn. The flowers appear from early summer onwards resembling short stemmed tulips or Magnolia. They are a yellow green colour and banded at the base of the petals with orange. Very tolerant of pollution, so where there is space, this is useful as an urban tree.

  • Tupelo

    Tupelo, Black Gum Seed

    Nyssa sylvatica

    Tupelo or Nyssa sylvatica is a  neat deciduous tree forming a symmetrical pyramid shape, later spreading. Insignificant flowers are a source of nectar for insects. The autumn colour is spectacular turning purple, orange, yellow and red.

  • Turkey Oak Seed

    Quercus cerris

    Turkey Oak is a large deciduous tree and one of the fastest growing oaks. It thrives on chalky soils and near the sea. The leaves are coarsely toothed and slightly rough to the touch and the acorns are bristly/hairy, looking like bad-hair-day hedgehogs. Mature trees have fissured and plated bark.

    cup pic courtesy of Javier martin, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

  • Turkish Hazel

    Corylus colurna

    Turkish Hazel is a remarkable deciduous tree with a striking symmetrical, pyramidal form. The corky, deeply fissured bark is also an attractive feature. It is the only hazel with a single straight trunk rather than being multi-stemmed. It doesn’t coppice like the European Hazel.

  • Eucalyptus urnigera

    Urn Gum/ Urn Pod Gum Seed

    Eucalyptus urnigera

    Eucalyptus urnigera, Urn Gum or Urn Pod Gum, is considered to be more decorative than E. gunnii. It makes a good specimen tree with silver-blue round juvenile and strap-like silver/grey-green adult leaves. Silver white bark matures to green-grey-white-gold-pink, mottled and peeling. Flowers are white in September from urn shaped buds and the seed cases are urn shaped too. The largest specimens grow in the warm damp weather of the Western Scottish Coast.

  • Viburnum rhytidophyllum

    Viburnum Seed

    Viburnum rhytidophyllum

    Viburnum rhytidophyllum is a large handsome evergreen shrub with large elliptic corrugated and wrinkled leaves which are dark green above and grey felted beneath. The cream or pink flowers are borne in clusters in spring. The fruits are red, turning black and shiny as they ripen. A superb foliage plant especially on chalk soils. Maintenance-free, but a little light trimming can be done after flowering has finished, if the shrub is getting too big.

  • Vine Maple

    Vine Maple Seed

    Acer circinatum

    Vine Maple is a fine, medium sized deciduous tree with elegant and graceful habit.  It can also be grown as a large, multi-stemmed shrub. The small, lime green flowers in tassels in spring are followed by red, winged, sycamore -like seeds. The fresh green leaves are rounded but lobed and turn fantastically bright in autumn – reds, oranges and yellows. It is perfect species for bonsai.

  • Virginia Creeper

    Virginia Creeper Seed

    Parthenocissus quinquefolia

    Virginia Creeper is a large growing, self-clinging vine ideal for high walls. The deciduous leaves are made up of 5 leaflets, mid veins of which are greyish. They turn a brilliant orange or scarlet in autumn. The fruits are a blue / black colour. It needs very little maintenance.

  • Virginian Witch Hazel

    Virginian Witch Hazel Seed

    Hamamelis virginiana

    Virginian Witch Hazel is the commercial source of Witch Hazel and can range from a large multi-stemmed shrub to a small tree. The flowers have a soft sweet perfume when they appear in the late autumn, with narrow pale yellow crumpled petals. They are a useful food source for late insects. The large simple leaves colour well in the autumn. Witch Hazel ointment is an extraction from the bark in alcohol and can be used to calm skin irritations and reduce inflammation.


  • Wayfaring Tree

    Wayfaring Tree Seed

    Viburnum lantana

    The Wayfaring Tree is a large shrub often seen in hedgerows. The ovate leaves and young shoots are covered with a dense tomentum or down. Leaves sometimes turn a dark crimson in autumn. The cream flowers appear in late spring and are followed by oblong fruits that mature from red to black.

  • Table Dogwood

    Wedding Cake Tree Seed

    Cornus controversa

    The Wedding Cake Tree when grown in the right conditions, semi-shade and dampish, can grow into quite a large shrub.  It makes a wonderful architectural shape with  tiered and layered branches.  The cream flower heads in summer are flat too, adding to the layered effect.  Good purple autumn colour. Slow growing and needs space to develop the right shape.

  • White Mulberry Seed

    Morus alba

    White Mulberry is a medium to small tree with lance shaped leaves up to 15cm wide that are the traditional food of silkworms. It grows fast and is quite short-lived – 50 to 80yrs on average. Catkins turn into whitish fruits in the early autumn,  changing to pale pink later and are edible. If necessary, prune in late autumn or early winter, other wise the stems bleed.


    caterpillar pic courtesy of Srithern /CC BY-SA

  • White/Downy Birch

    White or Downy Birch Seed

    Betula pubescens

    Downy Birch thrives on a wider range of soils than Silver Birch, particularly damp soils. It is white barked and similar to Silver Birch but with a more upright growth habit. Younger specimens usually exhibit downy undersides to the leaves and on the stems. It is useful as a pioneer species for planting in difficult and exposed sites.

  • Whitebeam Seeds

    Sorbus aria

    Whitebeam makes a neat, oval headed tree with grey hairy leaves. It is often planted in streets and gardens. Heads of white flowers in May develop into red berries for the autumn but they are usually eaten by birds before they ripen! Autumn colour is yellow then brown.

  • wild cherry

    Wild Cherry Seed

    Prunus avium

    Wild Cherry is a medium sized deciduous tree, with bark that turns mahogany red and peels with age. The white cup shaped flowers give a magnificent display in mid to late spring and are visited by early insects. The fruits are small and red to purple, appearing in summer and eaten by birds. The leaves turn crimson-orange in autumn. It is generally found in hedges and on the edges of woods. It will grow in semi-shade but flowers better in full sun.

  • Wild Service Tree Seed

    Sorbus torminalis

    Wild Service Tree is an attractive medium sized deciduous tree with Maple like leaves. They turn from a glossy dark green to bronze yellow in the autumn. The fruits start spherical and when ripe become elongated and are russet brown with darker spots, hence the name ‘Chequer Tree’. They need to be ‘bletted’ (left to go almost bad and soft) to render them edible! Pubs called ‘The Chequers’ are named after the tree rather than the board game, possibly because they used to serve beer/wine made from the fruit.  The timber is used as a reddish/orange decorative veneer. There is a great specimen in the environs of Lower Brockhampton Manor  (National Trust), but generally the tree is quite rare

  • Cotoneaster salicifolius

    Willowleaf Cotoneaster Seed

    Cotoneaster salicifolius

    Willowleaf Cotoneaster/Cotoneaster salicifolius makes a tall evergreen shrub or small tree, often multi-stemmed. It bears very heavy crops of spherical red shiny fruits in autumn, formed from white flowers in early summer. The glossy leaves are long and thin. This Cotoneaster is very useful as a screening plant and can be pruned into shape if necessary. It tolerates being planted in coastal areas, but can suffer leaf burn in very cold winds.


  • Winged Spindle

    Winged Spindle Tree Seed

    Euonymus alatus

    Winged Spindle or Euonymus alatus is a highly decorative deciduous small tree/shrub. The bark on the  trunk and all but the very youngest branches is corky with ridged wings, often in stripes. Small pale green flowers in spring turn into red/purple berries and split open to show the orange seed inside. Even if the summer hasn’t been good, the autumn colour develops into brilliant bright red.

  • Wintersweet

    Wintersweet Seed

    Chimonanthus praecox

    Wintersweet produces welcome, heavily scented, pale yellow flowers  in Feb.  The flowers attract early insects. It is a deciduous shrub that thrives in a sheltered spot and is good planted near to where people are likely to walk.

  • Eucalyptus_gregsoniana

    Wolgan Snow Gum Seed

    Eucalyptus gregsoniana/ E. pauciflora nana

    Wolgan Snow Gum is a small tree with an open habit. It usually grows as a multi-stem or mallee but can be trained as a standard, single stemmed tree. Confusingly, it is also known as Eucalyptus pauciflora nana. Bright green buds, red/purple stems and long, narrow, grey drooping leaves make for an attractive addition to the garden. Whitish-grey bark peels off in ribbons. Flowers in spring, creamy white. Good in large containers and does well near the coast.

  • Wych Elm Seed

    Ulmus glabra

    Wych Elm is a large and impressive tree with spreading branches that may be pendulous at their tips. Large short stalked leaves are toothed and rough to the touch, turning yellow in autumn. The fruits crowd the branches in early spring and look a bit like hops. The bark of young trees is very smooth. An excellent deciduous tree for planting in exposed situations or on the coast. It is more usually seen as a small to medium, multi-stemmed tree in hedgerows rather than as a large tree. Leaves are the food source for caterpllars of the rare White Letter Hairstreak butterfly.

  • Yellow Gum

    Yellow Gum

    Eucalyptus johnstonii

    This is a pretty, hardy species with a reddish peeling bark and apple green leaves. It will create a large tree of over 20m if allowed to grow, even in cooler temperate climates and can cope with coastal conditions.

  • Yellow Tree Lupin

    Lupinus arboreus (Yellow)

    The tree lupin is a short lived evergreen shrub that can grow to 2m tall and whose flowers are yellow. They are delicately scented and flower throughout the summer producing bright dense clusters.

  • Yucca

    Yucca filamentosa

    Yucca is an evergreen perennial with strap-like grey green leaves forming a stemless rosette. Eventually it will form a clump of rosettes. Flower spikes produced in late summer on older plants can be up to 2m high, carrying masses of creamy white, nodding, bell-shaped long lasting flowers. A striking, architectural plant.