Conifers

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  • Arizona Cypress

    Arizona Cypress Seed

    Cupressus arizonica/glabra

    Arizona Cypress is becoming common and is increasingly planted as a hedgerow. The grey-green leaves have the aroma of grapefruit when crushed and have quite a hard appearence. It makes a tall slim evergreen

    £4.50
  • Pinus cembra

    Arolloa / Swiss Pine

    Pinus cembra

    Pinus cembra is a small slow growing tree with an almost columnar habit and purple-blue cones. The densely arranged dark blue green needles are blue-white on the inner surface and arranged in fives. It is resistant to white pine blister rust and is therefore being used to try and breed for resistance in other pines. The timber this tree produces is pale, soft and easy to work – ideal for wood turning.

    Slices of the cone are used to flavour Schnapps

    £5.00£8.50
  • Atlas Cedar

    Cedrus atlantica

    The Atlas Cedar is one of the most planted of the decorative conifers. Its long grey-green leaves cover the branches thickly. Branches become horizontal, but slightly drooping, with age. Useful for being heat and drought resistant. There used to be vast forests in Morocco and Algeria, but these are declining. A most  famous tree is that planted in the lawn outside the White House in Washington.

    £2.25£6.00
  • Austrian Pine

    Austrian Pine Seed

    Pinus nigra austriaca

    The Austrian Pine is a commonly planted evergreen conifer with a dense head of large branches. The best suited of all the pines to chalky or lime rich soils, drought tolerant when established, though undoubtedly it grows better on rich, moist but well drained soils. The needles are dark green and in bundles of 2. Makes a good windbreak, especially in coastal areas.

    £6.50
  • Balsam Fir

    Balsam Fir Seed

    Abies balsamea

    Balsam Fir is a medium sized tree with long leaves and a balsam scent. The cones are a purple / violet colour when young and tend to ooze sticky resin. Primarily grown for pulp and biomass. Balsam Fir oil is extracted for room fresheners, incense, cold remedies and rodent repellent. It is extremely hardy. There are many different varieties used for ornamental purposes, some of which are dwarf/slow growing and some with different coloured foliage.

    £2.50£6.50
  • Bhutan Pine Seed

    Pinus excelsa/wallichiana

    The Bhutan Pine in an elegant, large, broad headed tree with 20cm long drooping needles arranged in fives. The banana shaped cones are up to 25cm long. Highly ornamental and often grown in parks. Can be used as a source of high grade turpentine and is usefully tolerant of pollution, although in the wild it grows in the high valleys of the Himalayas and Afganistan.

    £3.50
  • Bishop Pine

    Bishop Pine Seed

    Pinus muricata

    Bishop Pine is a classic medium sized pine tree, quite fast growing, with a dense flat head of branches, related to Pinus radiata(Monterey Pine). Stiff, curved needles grow in pairs. The prickly cones can remain unopened on branches for years. Naturally grows West Coast USA, clinging to to sea cliffs, but has been trialled as a timber tree in Ireland, New Zealand and Australia. There are different forms, growing into different shapes depending on where the seed comes from – northern USA produces narrow conical shaped trees, more southerly trees tend to be domed.

    Pic courtesy of Clairity at Flickr CC -BY -2.0  

    £2.00£7.99
  • Black Spruce

    Black Spruce Seed

    Picea mariana

    Black Spruce is a medium sized tree with dark blue green leaves which are densely packed on the upper surfaces of the branchlets.  Widespread across Canada, the timber is used for pulp and cross-laminated timber but also for mass produced chop-sticks or the fast food industry!

    Pic courtesy of U.S Fish and Wildlife Service , public domain

    £2.00£14.50
  • Maritime Pine

    Bournemouth / Maritime Pine Seed

    Pinus pinaster (maritima)

    The Maritime Pine is a medium sized sparsely branched conifer with an orange-brown bark. It’s long robust needles grow in pairs. Cones are long and chunky and take a few years to ripen and release the winged seed. It is excellent on sandy soils and in seaside districts. Turpentine is produced from the resin and it is widely used for timber production round the Mediterranean.

    £2.50
  • Brewers Weeping Spruce

    Brewers Weeping Spruce Seed

    Picea breweriana

    Brewers Weeping Spruce is one the most beautiful of all the spruces. Graceful branchlets hang from long branches like slender tails and it produces purple cones.

    £2.00£14.00
  • Bristlecone Pine

    Bristlecone Pine Seed

    Pinus aristata

    Pinus aristata or Bristlecone Pine is a large shrub or small characterful tree with needles in groups of 5,  flecked with white resin, looking like dandruff. This is how to tell it from the other Bristlcone pine, Pinus longaeva . It has slender bristle like cones. Some specimens in the wild are over 2500yrs old, it is very slow growing! The oldest trees are found in northern New Mexico, Arizona and in the Rockies at high elevations where the conditions are cold and dry.

    £5.50
  • Californian Redwood

    Californian Redwood Seed

    Sequoia sempervirens

    The Californian Redwood can reach over 100m tall in its native forests but mature specimens in gardens reach 30m. As well as being the worlds tallest it is also long lived with records of trees well over 2000 years old. The bark is deep and spongy and a good russet colour and resin from the tree can be used as a natural dye for wool.

    £2.50£12.00
  • Lebanese cedar

    Cedar of Lebanon Seed

    Cedrus libani

    Lebanese Cedar is a huge wide-spreading, flat topped conifer, whose characteristic architectural growth habit forms a tiered arrangement. Young trees are conical but branches spread as the tree matures(no comment!) Cedar of Lebanon has many historical associations. It is the national emblem of Lebanon, and on the Lebanese flag, although there are decreasing numbers growing in the wild. King Solomon is said to have used Cedar timber to build his temple. Cones are large and oval, taking 18 months to mature and then fall to pieces. The timber is prized for furniture making, being close-grained, a good colour and aromatic. Cedar oil extract is used in cosmetics.

    £3.50£5.50
  • Colorado Blue Spruce Seed

    Picea pungens glauca

    Colorado Blue Spruce has needles leaves that tend to turn green with age; so those at the base of branches are green, resulting in an attractive variation of colour down the branch. It is architectural in form. If grown in a pot it is good for bringing into the house as a Christmas tree for a short while(cool room preferred!). Care free, since pruning would spoil it’s even shape.

    £2.50£8.50
  • Colorado White Fir

    Colorado White Fir Seed

    Abies concolor

    Colorado White Fir is a widely grown conifer with grey needles up to 6cm long. It is a beautiful large tree with grey bark and long cylindrical cones. The wood it produces is soft and non resinous, with a good ability to hold nails(!?) which makes it an important timber tree.

    £2.00£6.00
  • Abies lasiocarpa arizonica

    Corkbark Fir Seed

    Abies lasiocarpa

    Cork Bark Fir is a very ornamental conifer which is relatively rare in its native area. It has attractive densely arranged, blue-green needles. The bark on mature trees becomes deeply furrowed and corky. This tree is extremely hardy, growing near the tree-line in Arizona and New Mexico. It tolerates near alpine conditions, but is a real asset to a smaller garden since it is slow growing.

    £2.00£5.00
  • Corsican Pine

    Corsican Pine Seed

    Pinus nigra corsicana

    Corsican Pine(Pinus nigra) is a species especially suited as windbreaks, preferring well drained soils and it can also tolerate coastal conditions. It is a two needle pine, the needles often being slightly twisted. Pinus nigra are found, in variations, round the Mediterranean. In the UK  it is used in preference to Scots pine as a timber tree, for building and for pulp.

    £2.00£6.50
  • Dawn Redwood

    Dawn Redwood Seed

    Metasequoia glyptostroboides

    The Dawn Redwood, thought of as a ‘living fossil’, is a deciduous conifer, the leaves of which turn tawny pink and old gold in autumn. It is fast growing and makes quite a narrow conical tree with a shaggy bark that falls off in ribbons. The trunk itself tends to be broad at the bottom. It is widely planted as an ornamental tree but in the wild  the population is decreasing. It is protected in China, but over-collection of seed from the wild has resulted in a lack of regeneration in its native areas. The first fossils of the tree were discovered in 1941, in China, and were aged at 150million years old!

    £2.00£5.25
  • Deodar Cedar

    Deodar Cedar Seed

    Cedrus deodara

    Deodar Cedar is a large conifer with a pendulous growth habit when young. It keeps a droopy leading shoot even on mature trees. Needle-like leaves, up to 5cm long, have a bluish bloom when young.  Architectural, so makes a good specimen tree. The timber is rot resistant, close grained and aromatic and therefore historically used for storage rooms and boxes, having a certain amount of anti-fungal and insect repellent properties.  Deodar forests were/are thought to be sacred to the God Shiva and used as places of meditation. It is the national tree of Pakistan.

    £5.50
  • Douglas Fir

    Douglas Fir Seed

    Pseudotsuga menziesii / taxifolia

    Douglas Fir is regarded as the king of the Pacific coast forests. It is a fast growing, large conifer with down swept branches in mature specimens. It is an important import to Europe for timber production, but also an ornamental tree of value. Sometimes grown as a Christmas tree especially in USA, when it has to be trimmed to grow into a neat shape with dense branches. The fissured bark carries resinous blisters and the foliage also has a resinous scent.

    £2.50£9.00
  • dunkeld larix

    Dunkeld Larch Seed

    Larix x eurolepsis

    The Dunkeld Larch was found in Dunkeld, Perthshire, in about 1897. It is an intermediate between the parents (kaempferi x decidua) but with hybrid vigour. A similar hybrid was found at about the same time in Switzerland hence the  two different latin names! It is a variable deciduous conifer which gives good yellow autumn colour, contrasting well with other forestry trees. New growth varies from pink to orange brown. Tough, hardy and resilient

    £3.50
  • dwarf Mountain Pine

    Dwarf Mountain Pine

    Pinus uncinata rotundata

    Also known as Pinus mugo uncinata or P. mugo rotundata, some confusion exists about this Mountain Pine! Found infrequently on high wet moors and survives in frost pockets. Grows to a wide pyramidal conifer with a strong leader. It is useful for large scale rock gardens.

    £2.00£10.00
  • Engelmann spruce

    Engelmann Spruce Seed

    Picea engelmannii

    The Engelmann Spruce is the most common spruce to be found in the Rockies where it grows to 30m tall. It likes deep well drained soils. Related to White Spruce (P. glauca ) and hybridizes with them, given a chance. The timber is used for pulp and paper making but also to make the fronts of guitars where it gives a clean pale colour. The tree is narrowly, neatly conical in shape and small branches tend to droop a bit. Needles are green with white bands both above and beneath and are quite soft. When crushed they smell of menthol. There are one or two named selections of the species available with greyer foliage.

    £2.00£15.00
  • European Larch Seed

    Larix decidua

    European Larch, Larix decidua, is a fast growing deciduous conifer. It has a slender conical crown when young with drooping branches in older specimens. Fine needles turn yellow in autumn and the small brown cones stay on the tree through the winter. Great areas have been planted for timber and it is useful as a nurse tree for other trees since it grows so fast and is very hardy.

    £2.00£11.75