Conifers

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  • European Silver Fir Seed

    Abies alba

    The European Silver Fir is common in the mountains of France, Germany and Switzerland. When young it makes a symmetrical conical shape. In the wild it is found in areas of high rainfall and northern aspect, in mixed forests of Norway Spruce and Beech. Foliage and timber are highly  pine scented and essential oils are extracted from them. The white wood is mainly used for construction, pulp, plywood and paper manufacture. It is quite often grown for Christmas tree production, more so in America than Europe.

     

    £4.00
  • Fraser Fir Seed

    Abies fraseri

    Fraser Fir is often cultivated as a Christmas tree in the USA since it is scented and has non-drop, blue grey needles; it is slow growing when young taking 10 years to reach 2.5 to 3m. As a young tree the branches are quite dense, but growth becomes more open as the tree ages. It never grows really huge. The small upright cones fall to pieces to shed the seeds when they are about 6mths old. In the wild it is rare. Enjoys short cool summers and survives cold and snowy winters.

    £2.00£9.50
  • GrandGiant Fir

    Grand Fir Seed

    Abies grandis

    Grand Fir is an extremely fast growing tree whose leaves are very aromatic(grapefruit) when crushed. It loves high rainfall areas like its native habitat in north-west America.

    £5.50
  • Hinoki Cypress Seed

    Chamaecyparis obtusa

    Hinoki Cypress is a large, slow growing conical tree with horizontally spreading branches and scale-like leaves that are a deep shiny green. Grown as a forest tree in Japan, its good quality, aromatic timber is used in building. There have been lots of selections made for more ornamental cultivars which are usually dwarf or slower growing with yellow foliage.

    £2.00£5.00
  • Incense Cedar

    Incense Cedar Seed

    Libocedrus decurrens

    The Incense Cedar is a large evergreen tree that is resistant to honey fungus and can add height to a group of trees or shrubs. The dark green aromatic leaves are in dense fan like sprays and smell, apparently, like shoe polish(?). Bark is in plates that curl outwards on the top and bottom sides, even on young trees. It is a very low maintenance tree. In it’s native California it spreads well after wildfires and is drought tolerant. The soft even grained wood has been used to make pencils.

    £2.50£8.50
  • Jack Pine

    Jack Pine Seed

    Pinus banksiana

    The Jack Pine is a 2 needle pine that is extremely hardy and greatly undervalued as a landscape tree. It is sometimes used for Christmas tree production in the USA and is widespread in Canada.

    £2.50£20.00
  • Japanese Black Pine Seed

    Pinus thunbergii

    Black Pine is a distinctive, splendid large tree with twisted branches. It has rigid twisted needles, arranged in pairs, up to 18cm long and is an important timber tree in its native Japan. As a young tree it makes a stiffly conical shape, but gets quirkier with age. Slow growing. In winter, buds at the branch end are silky and white. Female flowers are often extremely numerous and are an attractive red/pink/purple.

    £2.00£8.50
  • Japanese Cedar Seed

    Cryptomeria japonica

    Japanese Cedar is a fast growing, columnar conifer which is easily cultivated and thrives in most soils. Its feathery foliage is actually made of short needles spirally arranged and similar to Sequoiadendron. Both needles and timber are aromatic

     

    £3.00
  • Japanese Larch

    Japanese Larch Seed

    Larix kaempferi

    Japanese Larch is a vigorous, large conifer with red shoots and sea green leaves which are longer and broader than those of European Larch. It is fast growing and used as a timber crop, supplying the building trade.  The needle-like leaves turn good autumn colour of yellow and orange. Sometimes the needles sprout directly out of the trunk or larger branches. The small attractive cones are copper-brown when ripe and often age on the tree to grey.

    £2.00£9.50
  • Japanese Red Pine

    Japanese Red Pine Seed

    Pinus densiflora

    Japenese Red Pine is a large tree with paired needles that are up to 12cm long and twisted. It makes an architectural shape, eventually, and is often used in Japanese gardens. In Korea it is held in special esteem for it’s connections with Confucius, and is mentioned in the S. Korea  National Anthem! Commercially it was historically used for timber and resin production.

    £2.00£8.00
  • Japanese Stone Pine

    Japanese Stone Pine Seed

    Pinus pumila

    Japanese Stone Pine is a beautiful low growing, sometimes prostrate, hardy shrub-like tree native to north-east Asia including Japan. The female cones are purplish when young turning to a red-brown at maturity.  Needles are dense and in bundles of 5. In the wild it grows at high elevations, above the forest line and often with willow and alder scrub. Very tolerant of extreme climates – a tough specimen!

    £3.50
  • Japanese White Pine Seed

    Pinus parviflora

    Japanese White Pine is a small to medium sized conifer, conical when young, becoming flat topped when mature. The curved and twisted 5cm long leaves are blue-green with blue-white inner surfaces, growing in bunches of 5. Most often seen in the semi-dwarf form used in Japanese style gardens.

    £15.00£35.00
  • Jeffrey Pine Seed

    Pinus jeffreyi

    Jeffrey pine is an imposing tree with a conical crown and matt bluish green needles, in bunches of  three, that are up to 20cm long and spiny. Related and similar to Pinus ponderosa but with less prickley cones. The resin is scented allegedly of vanilla/lemon/apple or honeysuckle. Tolerates cold and dry and high altitudes.

     

    £3.00£7.50
  • Juniper Seed

    Juniperus communis

    Juniper produces the berry to flavour gin and is used to make a  beer in Scandinavian countries! Dried berries are used sparingly in cooking to flavour meat and game. A medium to large sized evergreen shrub with silver backed leaves/needles and black berries. It can grow tall or low and spreading, and anything in-between! It is being used increasingly to plant the sides of northern motorways.

    £2.00£10.00
  • Korean Fir Seed

    Abies koreana

    The Korean Fir is a small, very neat tree with needles that are 1 to 2 cm long, dark glossy green on top, white underneath. It produces prominent, decorative violet or purple cones about 5 to 8 cm long, which disintegrate when about 6mths old.

    £2.00£4.50
  • Lodgepole Pine

    Lodgepole / Beach Pine Seed

    Pinus contorta

    Lodgepole Pine is a medium sized tree with short branches and paired yellowish green leaves. The cones appear in clusters and the tree is often grown in coastal areas.  Pictures show cones, male flowers (cream coloured)and female flowers(pink/purple)

    £2.50£35.00
  • Longleaf Pine Seed

    Pinus palustris

    Longleaf Pine is an evergreen tree with feathery needles which tend to be tufted at the branch tips. It does not develop a trunk for at least the first 5 years, looking a bit like coarse grass. When it does finally grow into a large long-lived  tree. The timber is resinous and will not rot, although it burns really well! It is the state tree of Alabama.

    £2.99£7.59
  • Macedonian Pine

    Macedonian Pine Seed

    Pinus peuce

    Macedonian Pine is a particularly ornamental pine with horizontal branches at ground level which become vertical in the crown. It has a narrow pyramidal growth habit which suits it to confined spaces. The cones, occasionally produced, are very large,  and the long needles, in bundles of 5, give it a soft appearance – very stroke-able! Slow early growth and tolerant of semi shade and poorish soils.

    £2.50£8.00
  • Maidenhair Tree

    Maidenhair Tree Seed

    Ginkgo biloba

    The Maidenhair is an ancient species of tree easily recognised by its unusual fan shaped leaves which develop a striking yellow colour in autumn. It was around when the dinosaurs roamed the earth and, although it doesn’t look like it, is classed a conifer.  The male and female flowers occur on different trees, so both are need to produce fruit. When produced, the berries are edible but smell dreadful! When young, the growing tip can be damaged by cold winds, so plant in a sheltered spot, in sun or semi-shade. Reported to have an effect on cognitative function if taken as a supplement(Chinese medicine), but there is no scientific evidence for this at present.

    £4.00
  • Meyer's Spruce

    Meyer’s Spruce Seed

    Picea meyeri

    Meyer’s Spruce is a decorative, medium-fast growing conifer with grey green needles, purple male catkins and copper brown cones. Rare in the wild, since subalpine forests are in decline. Where commercially planted it’s used for construction timber and pulp, but could be a good Xmas tree.

    £2.00£9.50
  • Monkey Puzzle

    Monkey Puzzle / Chile Pine

    Araucaria araucana

    The Monkey Puzzle is unique in its appearance and  is much sought after. It is protected in its native Chile. The open network of branches, arranged symmetrically are covered in the sharp, scale-like leaves. Quite slow growing but will reach a good height. The seed is huge and a lovely colour and can be eaten.   This has now been christened ‘The Marmite tree’ – you either love it or….not

    £5.00£17.50
  • Monterey Cypress

    Monterey Cypress Seed

    Cupressus macrocarpa

    Monterey Cypress is often cultivated in gardens as a hedging plant, especially in North America, but makes a magnificent specimen tree too. It can tolerate poor soils and hot and dry conditions, being endemic to California. The last remaining trees there are puportedly over 2000 years old. the flattened bract-like leaves are citrus scented when crushed.

    £6.50
  • Monterey Pine

    Monterey Pine Seed

    Pinus radiata

    Monterey Pine is the most widely planted pine in the world, although it is endangered in its natural habitat. It is extremely important for timber production Older trees make a good windbreak. In UK , grows best in areas with mild wet winters, in fertile sites. In the wild it grows on the Californian coastal fringe and is one of the trees in which Monarch butterflies overwinter. It’s huge cones open in heat, but tend to stay on the tree for years. They are an uneven shape at the base. The needles grow in groups of 3, fresh green close to and blackish from afar. On mature trees  the bark develops very deep fissures.

    Cone pic courtesy of S. Rae from Scotland, UK/CC BY 2.0

    £3.00£9.50
  • Dwarf Mountain Pine

    Mountain Pine (Mughus)Seed

    Pinus mugo mughus

    A shrubby conifer with dark green needles set in pairs, Mountain Pine succeeds on all well drained soils including chalk and limestone.  A good evergreen addition to larger rock and scree gardens, adding form and winter interest.

     

    £2.00£10.50