Conifers

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  • Pinus mugo

    Mountain Pine (Pumilio) Seed

    Pinus mugo pumilio

    A dwarf form of the Mountain Pine that often grows prostrate but can reach 2m in height, slowly. Great for adding substance and winter interest to alpine and scree gardens and works well in containers. Shortish dark green needles look fine in the frost

    £2.00£10.50
  • Mountain Pine (Rostrata)

    Pinus mugo rostrata

    A small dense bushy Mountain Pine, slow growing and suited to all soil conditions. It can be kept to as low as 1m high over 10 years.

    £1.99£7.99
  • Nikko Fir

    Nikko Fir Seed

    Abies homolepis

    An uncommon, well shaped ornamental fir, not too wide-spreading when young. It has pinkish pale grey flakey, bark, dense, dark green shiny needles, white underneath, and dark blue cones. Winter buds are usually coated in sticky resin. The cones occur all over the tree rather than just at the top, like other Firs, which makes them particularly decorative. A small number are produced for Christmas trees and for Christmas foliage. In the wild in Japan, it grows naturally with flowering cherries and Magnolia. Tolerant of pollution and exposed conditions.

    £8.50
  • Noble fir

    Noble Fir Seed

    Abies nobilis / procera

    Noble Fir is a beautiful coniferous tree noted for its blue-green needles. They grow densely packed, often hiding the brown new shoots and buds. It is used in floristry as well as for Christmas trees. It grows on the western side of America, but further south than the Red Fir, to which it is closely related.

    £2.00£4.50
  • Nordmann Fir

    Nordmann/Caucasian Fir Seed

    Abies nordmanniana

    The Nordmann is a  fir of great ornamental value and much valued in ‘non-drop’Christmas tree production for its dense foliage. Wonderful, even, conical shapes develop and the foliage is soft-looking, not spikey.

    £5.00
  • norway spruce

    Norway Spruce Seed

    Picea abies

    Norway Spruce is the traditional and most widely grown Christmas tree and makes a good stand-alone tree. It is used as a prickly security hedge in many alpine villages, but not UK for some reason; it makes a virtually impenetrable barrier and doesn’t need much pruning or trimming once the tops have been taken out.

     

    £2.00£6.50
  • Oriental Spruce Seed

    Picea orientalis

    Oriental Spruce is a large densely branched tree with branches and dark green leaves down to ground level. The needles are short and tightly packed too, giving a neat and tidy effect. The young cones are 10cm long and purple, maturing to brown, curved. A seedling was selected, golden needled, which has  been vegetatively propagated to give  a named cultivar ‘Skylands’

    £2.00£6.50
  • Pacific Silver Fir Seed

    Abies amabilis

    Pacific Silver Fir is a native of north-west America In Europe it is grown as an ornamental tree. It is quite often found growing with Douglas Fir. Amabilis means beautiful and it can resemble Abies nordmanniana, with dark green soft needles, white undersides. The timber is not very useful for construction, just for pulp. Sometimes grown for the Christmas market.

    £2.50£8.50
  • Red Fir

    Red Fir Seed

    Abies magnifica

    Red Fir forms the great conifer forests of the Sierra Nevada of California. It has long blue-green needles and purple cones of up to 20 cm long. The bark turns red as the tree ages. Mature trees grow into a slim conical shape. Closely related to Noble Fir but it doesn’t have a groove down the centre of the needle and the needles are less densely packed along the branch. Used for timber, pulp and Christmas trees

    £4.00£17.50
  • Scots Pine

    Scots Pine

    Pinus sylvestris

    Scots Pine is the only pine native to Britain and is easily recognised by its attractive reddish bark. It’s needles grow in pairs and are quite long when the tree is young and fast growing, but become shorter growing with age. It has a conical growth habit when young, making it popular for Bonsai production and increasingly for use as a Christmas tree. When mature the tree makes a wonderful architectural shape. Once extensively covering land in Scotland, there are now only a few remaining ancient Caledonian Forests due to the iconic Scots Pine being used as a timber tree. Conservation bodies and landowners are trying to rectify this.  (Trees for Life)

    £2.50£20.00
  • Serbian Spruce Seed

    Picea omorika

    Serbian Spruce is a very adaptable spruce which quickly forms a tall slender tree with short drooping branches and dark green/grey needle leaves, with blue undersides. It is sometimes used as a Christmas Tree, but the needles are very prickly and sharp. Makes a good barrier when young and a lovely specimen tree on maturity. Dark purple cones turn brown as they ripen.

    £2.50£14.99
  • Siberian Pine

    Siberian Pine

    The Siberian Pine is related to Pinus cembra. It is extremely hardy, slow growing and long-lived, particularly suited to cold climates where it is often grown as a specimen tree. The needles grow in bundles of five. This is one of the Pines which have shown resistance to White Pine Blister Rust.  and so is being used in breeding programmes. The cones produced are quite bulky and heavy, the seeds inside are eaten as a good source of oil, sold in Russia as Cedar Nuts. It is quite rare in its native habitat.

    £8.50
  • sitka

    Sitka Spruce Seed

    Picea sitchensis

    Sitka Spruce is probably one of the most important species of conifer from an economic viewpoint. It thrives on damp sites and poor soils. Used extensively for timber and pulp  production, but also can be used for Christmas trees. Picture shows an enormous tree in the Benmore Botanic Gardens, near Dunoon(www.rbge.org.uk/visit/benmore-botanic-garden) and the commercial production of seedlings in seedbeds. Sitka can be used as a relaxed hedge – just chop out the leader and it will bush out to make a prickly barrier.

     

    £2.00£5.00
  • Spanish Fir

    Spanish Fir Seed

    Abies pinsapo

    Spanish Fir is the National Tree of Andalucia and is now endangered. Narrowly conical in shape with stubby, evergreen grey-green needles giving an ornamental blue-ish appearance from afar. The smaller picture shows one of the few remaining Pinsapo ‘forests’ in the mountains of southern Spain nature reserve area(Grazalema). The trees grow in pockets of soil on the mountainsides. In the valleys are nurseries which are growing trees for replanting into the wild. The nature reserve also holds wild Narcissus and Crocus species.

    £2.25£9.50
  • Stone Pine Seed

    Pinus pinea

    Stone Pine is the conifer that is exploited for its edible pine nut/seed(think Pesto and Italian Cuisine), It has a short trunk and an umbrella-like growth habit, giving mature trees a flat crown. It has attractive glaucous blue-green leaves in younger specimens and is sometimes sold as a pot grown mini Christmas tree. It is the classic flat-topped pine tree of Italy.

    £8.00£14.50
  • Swamp Cypress autumn

    Swamp Cypress Seed

    Taxodium distichum

    The Swamp Cypress is an ideal conifer for wet soils. It is the dominant tree in the everglades of Florida and introduced to the UK in the mid 1600s. In the autumn, the soft leaflets fade to a beautiful bronze and then brown in autumn before dropping  – a rare deciduous conifer.  This tree is easy to confuse with Metasequoia(Dawn Redwood), but Taxodium has branches and leaflets arranged alternately, whereas Metasequoia has them arranged in pairs, opposite each other. The bark is stringy and shaggy and mature trees in wet areas grow ‘knees’ or odd bits of trunk erupting from the ground round the main trunk. Despite its name, it doesn’t necessarily need to be planted in a wet place.

    £5.00£9.00
  • Chinese arborvitae

    Tree of Life or Chinese Arborvitae Seed

    Thuja orientalis

    The Tree of Life or Chinese Arborvitae is a small slow growing conifer that is often grown as an ornamental. It makes a close, even, broad conical shape. In its native China it is associated with long life and vitality – hence its name of Chinese Arborvitae or Tree of Life. It is often planted in cemeteries and graveyards in UK. Foliage fronds are made up of flat scale-like leaves which are citrus aromatic when crushed and in a hard winter turn brownish green. The timber is quite pale and easy to work, being soft.

    £6.50
  • Umbrella Pine

    Sciadopitys verticillata

    A curious conifer native to upland areas of two of the large Japanese islands. The needles are made up of two fused leaves and appear upside-down in that their shiny surface faces downwards.

    £2.50£9.50
  • Wellingtonia

    Wellingtonia Seed

    Sequoiadendron giganteum

    Wellingtonia is a Californian giant, not as tall, but with a wider girth than the Californian Redwood(Sequoia sempervirens). Young specimens are conical and densely branched producing a large elegant evergreeen tree. The leaves are similar to Leyland cypress, being shortish hard scales. Thick rusty coloured fibrous bark, fissured and ridged when mature, but very soft.

    £2.00£15.99
  • Western Hemlock

    Western Hemlock Seed

    Tsuga heterophylla

    Western Hemlock is a large fast growing  conifer with spreading branches. It produces an outstandingly beautiful single specimen tree with an elegant spire-like crown. The leaves are marked with two white bands underneath, soft and a bit like Yew but are aromatic(grapefruit or citrus) when crushed. Associated with Douglas Firs and Sitka Spruce on the Pacific coast of America, growing in the shade of other trees. Growth when young is slow, but picks up after 2 or 3 years.

    £2.00£10.00
  • Western Red Cedar

    Western Red Cedar Seed

    Thuja plicata

    Western Red Cedar is a large fast growing tree with shredding bark and spreading branches. The leaves are bright glossy green forming an excellent hedge which clips well. Foliage is aromatic. Trees are grown commercially for cutting into planks for cladding and fencing and shingles. The timber is very resinous so doesn’t rot.

    £2.00£10.00
  • Western Yellow Pine

    Western Yellow Pine Seed

    Pinus ponderosa

    Western Yellow Pine is a large striking conifer with a scaly cinnamon bark and drooping branches. Planted as an ornamental tree in large gardens as well as for timber production in its native western North America. Needles grow in threes and even when old the crown is narrowly conical. The bark  is said to smell of turpentine, but not as strongly as Pinus jeffreyii.

    £5.00£12.00
  • White / Weymouth Pine Seed

    Pinus strobus

    White or Weymouth Pine is usually planted in gardens and parks as a specimen tree. It has very short dark green needles, in bundles of 5 and the cones are  slender and brown up to 15cm long. It is fast growing and ornamental. In the past it has been used as a timber tree, and still is in America. It was used for the masts of sailing ships and was the cause of The Pine Riots in the American Civil War, because the colonists objected to the export of the finest trees to England! (early trade wars?!) Called the Weymouth Pine after Captain Weymouth who first brought the seed back the England, not because of where it grows!

    £2.00£8.00
  • Picea glauca

    White Spruce Seed

    Picea glauca

    White Spruce is a very hardy species and quite variable. Stubby needles are densely packed and on some trees are green and some blueish grey and anything in between. It has a narrowly conical growth habit when mature, with branches that ascend at the tip. In Canada it is an important timber tree for building and pulp and in Japan the wood is used for making boards for the game ‘Go’

    £3.50£15.00