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  • Alder / Common Alder

    Alnus glutinosa

    A small bushy tree that produces pretty yellow catkins in spring. Its shiny green leaves are retained late into the autumn. It has an attractive smooth dark grey bark.

  • Alder Buckthorn

    Alder Buckthorn

    Frangula alnus(Rhamnus frangula)

    Alder Buckthorn is a large, native, thornless, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate green leaves that turn an attractive yellow in autumn. Tiny green/cream flowers in June attract masses of bumble and honeybees and are honey scented. The fruits are initially red, then turn black and are eaten by thrushes. Various bits are used to make natural dyes.

  • American Dwarf Rose

    Rosa virginiana

    American Dwarf Rose is a small, suckering shrub ideal for hedging. Small cerise pink, single, lightly scented flowers bloom in July and August. Vibrant yellow autumn colour and red, pumpkin-shaped hips hold into the winter.

  • Autumn Olive

    Elaeagnus umbellata

    A deciduous shrub or small tree with a dense thorny crown. The leaves are silvery in spring but turn greener as the silvery scales wear off during the summer. The flowers in May are pale yellow/cream and scented, forming red, dotted with silver, fruits.

  • Barberry

    Berberis darwinii

    An early flowering evergreen with holly like leaves. Its flowers are bright orange tinted with red which appear in long lasting drooping clusters in spring. Good for hedging

  • Bay Laurel / Sweet Bay

    Laurus nobilis

    The leaves are the bay leaves used in cooking but it also makes an excellent hedge and is tolerant of maritime areas. Bay Laurel can produce excellent specimen trees and is also used for topiary.

  • Beech / Common Green Beech

    Fagus sylvatica

    A versatile majestic tree with a smooth silver grey bark and in autumn the leaves turn a rich copper gold colour. Makes an excellent specimen tree or the most outstanding of hedges. Pollution tolerant, it will cope with exposed and cold sites but will not grow in coastal areas.

  • Berberis wilsoniae

    Berberis wilsoniae

    A splendid small semi-evergreen shrub with sea green leaves and coral coloured clustered fruits after yellow flowers in May. This species has no cultivars and is mostly grown from seed. Good for low prickly hedging.

  • Bird Cherry

    Prunus padus

    A small, widely distributed deciduous tree. It bears an abundance of small white almond scented single flowers in late spring. Its small black fruits are edible but very bitter.

  • Blackthorn / Sloe

    Prunus spinosa

    A large deciduous shrub or small bushy tree. It ignites in spring with a mass of small single white flowers. Blackthorn forms a secure hedging plant with its sharp spines. The fruits, like small damsons, appear in autumn and are used for making Sloe Gin.

  • Blackthorn / Sloe (Stratified)

    Prunus spinosa

    This is a thorny shrub or bushy tree with a profusion of white spring flowers. The small black fruits are much prized for Sloe Gin.

  • Box / Common Box

    Buxus sempervirens

    A large bush or small tree which produces masses of small, dark, evergreen leaves. Ideal for topiary and hedging purposes in the garden.

  • Broom

    Cytisus scoparius

    A medium sized deciduous shrub much like gorse but without the thorns. It has rich butter yellow, scented flowers in late spring, often visited by bees and the flowers have an interesting method of depositing pollen on the bees’ backs. Seed pods twist and crack open when ripe, making clicking noises. If pruning is necessary, it is done after flowering.

  • Buckthorn/Purging Buckthorn

    Rhamnus cathartica

    A large deciduous shrub or small tree. The spiny branches are very attractive in the autumn when they are carrying their small shiny dark almost black fruits and yellowing leaves. Leaves and fruit are slightly toxic if ingested, causing stomach problems, though birds eat the berries with impunity. The food-plant of the Brimstone butterfly. In parts of N. America, this plant is classed as an invasive species, but this doesn’t happen here.


  • Cherry Laurel / Common Laurel

    Prunus laurocerasus

    A vigorous wide spreading evergreen shrub with dark shiny green leaves that is often used for screening. It produces attractive erect clusters of white flowers in spring that give rise to small cherry like fruits that eventually turn black.

  • Chinese Barberry

    Berberis julianae

    An excellent dense growing, evergreen spiny leaved bush. The leaves are copper tinted when young. The scented yellow flowers are borne in bunches of up to 15. It makes a good hedging plant.

  • Common / English Yew

    Taxus baccata

    A small to medium sized tree with a bright red aril, which contrasts superbly with the dark green foliage. Yew is tolerant of most soils and is often found on chalk formations in the wild. Very ancient ones are found in Churchyards all over the country – it was once held in great esteem by Druids and mystics.

  • Copper Beech

    Fagus sylvatica atropurpureum

    An outstandingly beautiful tree. This deep purple leaved form of beech is usually grown from seed. The purple plants are then selected from the 50% odd that show the purple form. It is superb hedging plant, keeping the crisp dead leaves on the branches until new leaves start to appear in the spring.

  • Cotoneaster simonsii

    Cotoneaster simonsii

    Cotoneaster simonsii is a large upright semi-evergreen with small white/pink flowers in June, bee friendly, followed by persistent red berries. Good as an informal hedge but  can also be clipped quite hard into shape. Often known as Himalayan Cotoneaster, but this leads to confusion with other Cotoneasters.

  • Crab Apple

    Malus sylvestris

    A small tree growing to 8m tall with white flowers that may be tinged with pink when they appear in late spring. The fruits grow to 2.5cm across in the autumn and are sour to eat but make a delicious conserve. They are also good for wildlife with fruit remaining well into the winter.

  • Damson

    Prunus domestica insititia

    The damson is a subspecies of the plum. A small tree, it produces the oval damson fruit which has a green yellow flesh and dark blue or indigo skin. The fruits can hang shrivelled well into the winter. It produces white blossom in April, good for early pollinators.

  • Diel’s Cotoneaster

    Cotoneaster dielsianus

    An evergreen cotoneaster with small ovate leaves and red fruit. Can be pruned to make a neater shape.

  • Dog Rose

    Rosa canina

    A hedgerow shrub with an open growth habit and long, arching, prickly stems. It is often used in reclamation planting and for land stabilisation. In early summer it produces large scented flowers that vary from pink through to white. The rosehips are egg shaped and bright red providing autumn colour and food for wildlife. Packed with vitamin C , the hips as a tea, have been used to treat kidney problems.  The national flower of Romania

  • Elder / Common Elder

    Sambucus nigra

    A large shrub or small tree with rugged bark and 5 to 7 leaflets. It bears flattened heads of white flowers in early summer which give rise to dense bunches of small black fruits. The fruit famously makes a good wine or can be used to flavour gin. The flowers are used to make cordial or champagne. It grows well on chalk and is being harvested commercially these days.