Common name: Common Hornbeam.
Native: Europe and Asia Minor.
Size and spread (10 years): 8m x 4m
Treatment required: Deeply dormant requires 39 weeks of stratification.
Seeds / kg: c. 24,300 88% viable
Ideal sowing period: Spring
Soil conditions: Tolerant of heavy soils and soils overlying chalk.
Planting instructions: Great for hedging where conditions are not right for Beech. Very tough.
Mature height: 25m x 20m
pic courtesy of Krzysztof Golik, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons