Betony is a perennial wildflower that grows in open woods, hedgerows and grassland i.e. sun or shade. It will survive, but not flower when grazed by cattle, suddenly to flower when grazing is reduced or stopped. The leaves are dark green, pretty and corrugated forming a good sized clump in the right conditions. The flowers are a favourite with bees and butterflies.
Used from Roman times against headache, toothache, liver and bronchial complaints. It was also smoked in herbal mixtures.
Sow late summer or autumn for best results, since it requires a cold period to germinate, or give prechill in damp sand of 6weeks.
Seed from Shropshire